6 steps to successful tree felling
When felling trees, the correct working techniques are essential. Not only to create a safe working environment, but also to be more effective when working.
1. Plan ahead
When it comes to tree removal by using a chainsaw, preparation is key. If you plan the felling and which forestry equipment to bring, not only are you in for a safer working session, but your post-felling work can also be a lot easier. First of all, ask yourself if there are any major obstacles – such as overhead lines, roads or buildings – in the area. Deploy warning signs if you know that a road crosses the forestry area or that a lot of people pass by on a daily basis.
Planning is key when felling trees
2. Check the felling direction
Continue by determining the felling direction by carefully studying the tree. How do the branches look and how do they grow? Also, take the wind direction into consideration. If you’re unsure of the tree’s natural direction of fall, step away from the tree and check with a plumbline (see fact box for details). Clear around the tree in the intended felling direction. Also clear about 45 degrees behind the tree in both directions, creating your path of retreat.
Check the felling direction
3. Prune the trunk
When you have cleared the area, put up your warning signs and decided on the tree’s direction of fall and your path of retreat. You should check that you have enough fuel in the tank for the task ahead. Then it’s time to prune the trunk to get rid of all the branches and twigs that might get in the way when sawing the felling cut. The safest way to prune is to work with a pulling chain (underside of the guide bar) from the top down.
4. Decide on cutting technique
Once the trunk is twig-free up to shoulder height, it’s time to make the felling cut. When doing this, it’s important to remember two things: the hinge should have a uniform thickness with the right dimensions and the felling wedge or breaking bar should be inserted before the tree can pinch the guide bar. Which technique you should use for making the cut depends on the tree size and slope, and on the size of your chainsaw. We have put together information about the different techniques here, so that you can find out for yourself which method best suits your conditions. /insert link to proper passage in “working with chainsaws”/
Chainsaw cutting technique
5. Check for diseases
If you notice that the timber is discoloured and soft or if the lower part of the trunk looks swollen or diseased, you need to be very careful. This is an indication that the tree is infested with rot and that means the wood fibres are weakened. When this happens, fell in the tree’s natural direction of fall and use a winch if you are unsure. Rot infestation usually subsides higher up in the tree, so one option might be to fell the tree with an extra high stump.
6. Choose your tool
There are several felling tools to choose from when taking the tree down. The size of the tree determines which type of forestry equipment you need. For the smallest trees, you do not normally need the felling tools. Hand force is enough, possibly with the help of a long pole. The felling wedge provides greater felling force than the different types of breaking bar. In extreme cases you can use a rope and a winch, which is the safest and most powerful way to fell a tree. Have a look at the fact box for more information about the different tools.
How to estimate the height of the tree
Hold a stick with your arm stretched out straight in front of you so that the stick length is equal to the distance between your eye and your hand and with the stick held vertically so that a right-angled triangle is formed between your eye, hand and the top of the stick.
Point at the tree and stand at a distance so that the tree appears to be as tall as the length of the stick. If the tree is leaning you get a more accurate result if you measure from the side, so that the tree is neither leaning towards you nor away from you.
The distance between you and the tree is now equal to the height of the tree.
Estimate the height of a tree
How to measure the lean of a tree with a plumbline
Aim the plumbline towards the top of the tree trunk.
Measure the distance from the plumb line’s point of impact to the centre of the trunk.
The foot breaking bar is suitable for small trees when thinning. Insert the tool before completing the felling cut and stand with all your weight on the lever arm. The breaking bar is generally telescopic and can be carried in a holster on your logging belt.
The breaking bar is used on relatively small trees. To maximise the lifting force, you insert the tool – before completing the felling cut – in the middle of the felling cut at the very back. Lift with your legs and keep your back straight.
The impact bar is used in the same way as the breaking bar, but can also be used as a striking tool when using felling wedges.
Felling wedges are best for medium to large trees. They are inserted before the felling cut is completed and knocked in with an axe or an impact bar. Always use wedges made out of plastic or aluminium, so that you don’t risk damaging the chain if you accidentally cut into them.
A winch is used in situations where you need maximum force and safety. The wire is attached as high up in the tree as possible for maximum effect.
Ever wonder about the history of all the lawns?
As we are almost at the year 2018 many folks face strange perhaps even unique circumstances in their lives in unique circumstances.
Landscape fabric is used by many gardeners to cut down on gardening maintenance tasks. Should you install the fabric if you haven’t already? As a professional gardener, I’ve seen many gardens during my 14 year career Personally, I discourage my clients from using landscape fabric. Here’s why:
It compacts the soil. In order to truly be healthy, solid needs to be crumbly and loose. There is the type of soil where plants can spread their roots and grow without too much work. I’ve noticed that solid underneath the landscape fabric does not stay crumbly and loose. Rather, the solid becomes hard and compact. This makes digging and planting very difficult.
The weeds that do manage to get through the fabric are usually horrible enmeshed with the fabric itself. This means it’s very hard to remove the weeds. Usually, removing the weed entirely means ripping the landscape fabric.
“The will to win, the desire to succeed, the urge to reach your full potential…
these are the keys that will unlock the door to personal excellence.”
James Cameron – CA
Landscape fabric is expensive. In order to properly install the fabric, you need pins to hold the fabric down. This further increases the cost. In addition, it may be necessary to patch the fabric or install additional pins throughout the year.
Re-seeding is almost impossible
Plants have re-seeded themselves in your yard year after year
When you use landscape fabric, it’s very difficult for plants to re-seed themselves
In addition, bulbs can get pushed around and may not return
As a gardener, I suggest that homeowners use another method to reduce garden maintenance times. Installing a thick layer of wood chips or mulch in the garden is one way to combat weeds.
Not only is this solution relatively inexpensive, but it’s attractive and will not effect the soil in a negative way.
Both of these tasks become incredibly difficult when landscaping fabric is present. Changing location and dividing plants become a time consuming chore.
This further increases the cost. In addition, it may be necessary to patch the fabric or install additional pins throughout the year. Of course, installing the fabric and putting the pins into the ground also takes a considerable amount of time.